World War 2 Facts

Information and Facts on the Great War

World War 2 Countries

TAGS: None

World War 2 (WWII) was the Second World War of the 20th Century, but more so than the first, was truly a global war in nature. The generally acknowledged dates of the War by Western countries ranges from 1939 through 1945; however, the more progressive view includes the start of the war when Japan invaded China earlier in the 1930s. World War 2 involved the majority of the countries in the world to include all major powers which formed two predominant alliances throughout the war: the Axis and the Allies. During the war, there were more than 30 countries with greater than 100 million personnel who served in uniform from the various World War 2 countries. Each of the participants entered into a “Total War” during the conflict devoting the totality of their civilian and military resources to the efforts. By the end of WW2, the world would see between 50 and 85 million deaths making the conflict the most deadly in modern history.

Allied Powers of World War 2

The Allies in WW2 were the nations that were opposed to Adolf Hitler and the Axis Powers during the war. In 1939, the coalition of countries that formed this group consisted of Poland, France, and the United Kingdom. The British Commonwealth (Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Newfoundland) joined the Allies soon after the outbreak of war. In mid-1941, the Soviet Union joined the group after Operation Barbarossa and the United States would join after the attack on Pearl Harbor. By 1942, the United States, Soviet Union, and Great Britain would control the policies and major resource allocation of the Allies. Using alliance as a means to try and stop all wars of aggression, additional Allies would join the group throughout the war and ultimately help create the United Nations in 1945.

Allied Countries of World War 2
Australia
Brazil
Canada
Newfoundland
New Zealand
South Africa
Soviet Union (starting in June 1941)
United Kingdom
United States (starting in December 1941 after the attack on Pearl Harbor)

Allied Power Supporters

Argentina

World empires and colonies 1936 (before the Second World War)

World empires and colonies 1936 (before the Second World War)

Bolivia
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Iraq
Lebanon
Liberia
Mexico
Mongolia
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Saudi Arabia
Turkey
Uruguay
Venezuela

Axis Powers (Primary Signers of the Tripartite Treaty)

The Axis Powers were the nations who found the Allies and other countries during World War 2. The Alliance started to form as early as 1936 when Italy, Germany, and Japan started to sign treaties with each other and in 1939 turned into a military alliance referred to as the “Rome-Berlin Axis.” The next year, 1940, saw the Tripartite Pact signed that set the military goals for the alliance. Once World War 2 ended in 1945, the Axis alliance was no more.

Italy
Japan
Germany

Who were the Co-Signers of the Tripartite Treaty?

Map of Participants in World War II:     Dark Green: Allies before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, including colonies and occupied countries.     Light Green: Allied countries that entered the war after the attack on Pearl Harbor.     Blue: Axis Powers and their colonies or countries that had to choose a side in order to stay independent.     Gray: Neutral countries during WWII         Dark green dots represent countries that initially were neutral but during the war were annexed by the USSR         Light green dots represent countries that later in the war changed from the Axis to the Allies         Blue dots represent countries either being conquered by the Axis Powers, becoming puppets of those (Vichy France and several French colonies, Croatia), or Finland which was just an ally.

Map of Participants in World War II:
Dark Green: Allies before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, including colonies and occupied countries.
Light Green: Allied countries that entered the war after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Blue: Axis Powers and their colonies or countries that had to choose a side in order to stay independent.
Gray: Neutral countries during WWII
Dark green dots represent countries that initially were neutral but during the war were annexed by the USSR
Light green dots represent countries that later in the war changed from the Axis to the Allies
Blue dots represent countries either being conquered by the Axis Powers, becoming puppets of those (Vichy France and several French colonies, Croatia), or Finland which was just an ally.

Bulgaria (March 1st, 1941)
Hungary (November 20th, 1940)
Romania (November 23rd, 1940)
Slovakia(November 24th, 1940)

Countries that Were Formerly at War with the Axis Prior to WW2.

Austria (annexed to Germany, “Anschluss”, March 13th, 1938)
Ethiopia (annexed by Italy in 1936, after the Abyssinia crisis, independence was restored in 1941)
Republic of China (at war with Japan since 1931).

WW2 Countries that Were Occupied, Attacked, or Switched Sides During WW2

Algeria
Albania (occupied by Italy April 7th 1939, the by Germany on September 26th 1943)
Belgium (invaded by Germany May 10th 1940)
Burma
Czechoslovakia (Bohemia and Moravia were occupied by Germany March 15th 1939)
Denmark (occupied by Germany April 9th 1940, then Greenland was occupied by the United States on April 9th 1941)
Estonia (occupied by the Soviet Union from June 18th 1940, the occupied by Germany September 5th 1941, finally re-annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944)
Finland (attacked by the Soviet Union November 30th 1939 and again June 26th 1941)
France (surrendered to Germany June 22nd 1940)
Greece (invaded by Italy October 28th 1940, then occupied by German forces from April 6th 1941)
Iceland (occupied by Great Britain May 10th 1940, and then occupied by the United States from July 1941)
India
Iran
Latvia (occupied by the Soviet Union from June 18th 1940, by Germany June 25th 1941, re-annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944)
Lithuania (Occupied by the Soviet Union from June 18th 1940, then occupied by Germany on June 22nd 1941, and finally re-annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944)
Luxembourg (invaded by Germany May 10th 1940)
Morocco
The Netherlands (invaded by Germany May 10th 1940)
New Guinea
Norway (Country was invaded by Germany on April 9th 1940)

This table shows the relationship in GDP (Gross Domestic Product) between the Allies and the Axis, from 1938 to 1945, counted in international dollars and 1990 prices. The vertical axis shows the relationship, i.e. 2.00 means the Allied production was 2 times larger than the Axis. Please note that only the following countries are included: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK, USA and the Soviet Union.  Source: Mark Harrison, "The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison", Cambridge University Press (1998).

This table shows the relationship in GDP (Gross Domestic Product) between the Allies and the Axis, from 1938 to 1945, counted in international dollars and 1990 prices. The vertical axis shows the relationship, i.e. 2.00 means the Allied production was 2 times larger than the Axis. Please note that only the following countries are included: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK, USA and the Soviet Union.
Source: Mark Harrison, “The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison”, Cambridge University Press (1998).

Philippines
Poland (invaded by Germany and the Soviet Union in September 1939)
Singapore
Syria
Thailand
Tunisia (Occupied by the United States in 1943)
Yugoslavia (Germany occupied the country starting on April 6th 1941)

WW2 Neutral Countries

Ireland
Portugal
Spain (Could be argued to be a supporter of the Axis)
Sweden (except during the Winter War)
Switzerland

World War 2 Countries References

Axis Powers of World War 2, World War 2 Facts, Accessed on November 20, 2013.

HistoryOrb.com World War 2 Timeline, Accessed on November 21, 2013.

National World War 2 Museum World War 2 Timeline, Accessed on November 21, 2013.

PBS.org Interactive, The Perilous Fight,  World War 2 Timeline, Accessed on November 21, 2013.

PBS.org Timeline of World War 2, Accessed on November 21, 2013.

United States Holocaust Memorial World War 2 Timeline, Accessed on November 21, 2013.

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 10.0/10 (2 votes cast)
World War 2 Countries, 10.0 out of 10 based on 2 ratings

© 2009 World War 2 Facts. All Rights Reserved.Privacy Policy